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Exerc Sci > Volume 31(2); 2022 > Article
Exercise Science 2022;31(2): 257-263.
한국 프로야구 선수들의 정규 시즌 중 부상 분석: 파일럿 스터디
송문구1,2 , 전일우3 , 강현식1
1성균관대학교 스포츠과학과
3삼성라이온즈 야구단
Analysis of the Injuries of Korean Professional Baseball Players during the Regular Season: A Pilot Study
Mun-Ku Song1,2 , Il-Woo Jeon3 , Hyun-Sik Kang1
1College of Sport Science, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Korea
2Samsung Training Center, Yongin, Korea
3Samsung Lions Baseball Team, Daegu, Korea
Correspondence  Hyun-Sik Kang , Tel: +82-31-299-6911, Fax: +82-31-299-6929, Email: hkang@skku.edu
Received: December 29, 2021;  Accepted: April 4, 2022.  Published online: April 25, 2022.
This pilot study aimed to provide descriptive statistics regarding injuries among baseball players in the Korean baseball organization (KBO) league.
Exposure and injury data were collected from 49 professional baseball players in a single team who participated in official games during the 2021 KBO league season. Injury data included injured body parts, injury mechanisms, injury diagnoses, activities, playing positions, and time-loss (TL). Injury rates (IRs) were calculated using the athletic-exposure (AE) and time-exposure (TE) methods.
In total, 158 injuries were reported during the study period. The overall IR was 58.0 per 1,000 AE and 5.3 per 1,000 exposure times (TE). Approximately 68.4% of all injuries were non-TL (NTL) injuries, and which was approximately 2.2 times higher than TL injuries. Among TL injuries, 70.0% accounted for 1 day to less than 1 week, followed by more than 3 weeks (16.0%) and lasting more than 1 week to less than 3 weeks (14.0%) respectively. Trunk and spine were the most frequently injured body parts (21.5%), followed by arms and elbows (12.7%), thighs (11.4%), and feet (8.2%) in order. The majority of the TL injury mechanisms were noncontact (40.4%) and overuse (26.0%) with strain during pitching and base running. The majority of the NTL injury mechanisms were ball contact (73.2%) with contusions during batting and catching.
Professional KBO baseball players experienced a high rate of TL injuries during official games. The majority of TL injury mechanisms were noncontact and overuse, and two-fifths of TL injuries were reported by pitchers and base runners.
Key words: Korea baseball league, Professional baseball player, Injury rate, Injury epidemiology
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