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Exerc Sci > Volume 31(2); 2022 > Article
Exercise Science 2022;31(2): 188-196.
Effects of 4 Weeks of Beta-Alanine Intake on Inflammatory Cytokines after 10 km Long Distance Running Exercise
Su-Yeon Jin1 , Hwang-Woon Moon1 , Jun-Su Kim1 , Ha-Young Kim2
1Department of Sports and Outdoors, Eulji University, Seongnam, Korea
2Department of Physical Education, Gachon University, Seongnam, Korea
Correspondence  Ha-Young Kim , Tel: +82-31-750-5576, Fax: +82-31-750-5665, Email: kimpete@gachon.ac.kr
Received: April 2, 2022;  Accepted: May 23, 2022.  Published online: May 31, 2022.
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
This study aimed to examine the immunological effects of β-alanine intake for 4 weeks on immune function changes after long-distance exercise and the possibility of β-alanine intake as an effective exercise supplement to improve exercise performance and maintain immune function.
METHODS:
Eighteen male college students were randomly assigned to two groups, one with two capsules of 250 mg β-alanine and the other with placebo without a nutritional effect. The participants took one capsule each in the morning and evening after the meals. This study was conducted in a double-blinded manner. To analyze the inflammatory cytokines expressed during exercise, a 10 km long-running exercise was performed, and blood was collected from the forearm vein a total of 4 times (at rest, immediately after exercise, 30 minutes, and 60 minutes in recovery).
RESULTS:
As a result of analyzing the level of inflammatory cytokine IL-6, compared to the placebo group, the β-alanine intake group decreased significantly to 60 minutes after recovery from long-distance aerobic exercise, and both groups showed a significant difference between both periods (p<.001). However, there was no significant difference between the groups based on the measurement period before and after intake. As a result of analyzing the level of TNF-α, the expression of TNF-α in the placebo group was significantly decreased from immediately after long-distance aerobic exercise to 60 minutes after recovery, but in the β-alanine group, TNF-β expression did not occur immediately after exercise, and there was no significant difference until the recovery period; thus, there was no statistically significant difference between the two periods. In addition, there was no significant difference between the groups in terms of the measurement period before and after intake.
CONCLUSIONS:
Based on the above results, β-alanine intake for 4 weeks is thought to be effective in maintaining temporarily reduced immune function after long-distance exercise by reducing the level of inflammatory cytokines in the study participants.
Key words: β-alanine, Carnosine, Immune system, Cytokine, IL-6, TNF-α
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