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Exerc Sci > Volume 31(2); 2022 > Article
Exercise Science 2022;31(2): 197-206.
The Effects of External Vibration on Coordination Strategies of Multi-Muscles during Voluntary Isometric Torque Production
Jiseop Lee1 , Junkyung Song1 , Jaebum Park1,2,3
1Department of Physical Education, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
2Institute of Sport Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
3Advanced Institute of Convergence Technology, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence  Jaebum Park , Tel: +82-2-880-7620, Fax: +82-2-872-2867, Email: parkpe95@snu.ac.kr
Received: March 30, 2022;  Accepted: April 27, 2022.  Published online: May 31, 2022.
To investigate the effect of muscle vibration on performance accuracy and multi-muscle coordination pattern during voluntary isometric knee extension torque production.
The subjects were tested under two conditions of external vibration frequencies (90 Hz vibration (VIB)&no-vibration (NVIB)) with three levels of torque magnitudes of 20% (MVT20), 40% (MVT40), and 60% of maximal voluntary torque (MVT60). The subjects were instructed to perform a submaximal isometric ramp task and matched the produced torque with the torque template shown in the screen as accurately as possible. External vibration was applied to the rectus femoris (RF).
The performance error (RMSENORM) was reduced in 60% of MVT (MVT60) in both ramp and SS phases, and the iEMGAGO was significantly reduced by vibration under the same torque conditions in the SS phase. In addition, the muscle-mode (M-mode) composition was found to be different in the VIB and NVIB in the SS phase. We found that the VIB condition showed co-contraction M-modes and mixed M-modes. However, there was no significant difference in the ramp phase under all conditions.
The neurophysiological changes due to muscle vibration may positively affect the task characteristics and steps that require accurate torque generation and provide information for the quantitative understanding of multi-muscle coordination of vibration.
Key words: Muscle vibration, Knee extension torque, Accuracy, Multi-muscle coordination
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