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Exerc Sci > Volume 31(2); 2022 > Article
Exercise Science 2022;31(2): 271-278.
6주의 비대면 운동프로그램이 휠체어 이용 지체장애인의 신체구성 및 체력에 미치는 효과
한기명1 , 이수연2 , 김지영3
1한국장애인개발원 정책연구본부
2성균관대학교 사회복지학과
3고려대학교 의과대학 생리학교실
The Effect of a 6-week Non-contact Exercise Program on Body Composition and Physical Fitness in Persons with Physical Disabilities Using Wheelchairs
Ki-Myung Han1 , Su-Yeon Lee2 , Ji Young Kim3
1Department of Policy Research, Korea Disabled People’s Development Institute, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Social Welfare, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea
3Department of Physiology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence  Ji Young Kim , Tel: +82-2-2286-1281, Email: skyditto01@korea.ac.kr
Received: March 30, 2022;  Accepted: May 30, 2022.  Published online: May 31, 2022.
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
This study investigated the effect of a 6-week non-contact exercise program on body composition and physical function of physically disabled persons who used wheelchairs.
METHODS:
Twenty-two physically disabled individuals using wheelchairs (n [females]=15, mean age=49.4±8.9 years) were recruited and divided into an exercise group (n=11) or a control group (n=11). Participants in the exercise group performed a 1-hour-long exercise program twice a week, for 6 weeks, with an exercise instructor through a real-time video conferencing application. Height, weight, body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure, and muscle strength and range of motion were measured at baseline and after the exercise program.
RESULTS:
Compared with that in the control group, waist circumference in the exercise group significantly decreased after the 6-week exercise program. In addition, range of motion of the shoulder significantly improved in the exercise group, compared with the control group, after 6 weeks.
CONCLUSIONS:
The non-contact exercise program yielded beneficial effects on the waist circumference and range of motion of muscles in disabled individuals using wheelchairs. A follow-up study is needed to verify the long-term effect of the exercise program, which may be achieved by randomizing a large number of people with disabilities.
Key words: Non-contact exercise program, Wheelchairs, Persons with disabilities, Body composition, Physical fitness
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