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Exerc Sci > Volume 20(2); 2011 > Article
Exercise Science 2011;20(2): 159-168. doi: https://doi.org/10.15857/ksep.2011.20.2.159
농촌 노인과 도시 노인의 체력 수준 비교분석
성순창1, 김현수2, 이만균1
1경희대학교
2서울과학기술대학교
Comparative analysis of physical fitness levels between elderly farmers and urban dwellers.
ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study was to compare daily living fitness levels between elderly farmers and urban dwellers. Three hundreds-ninety-four farmers and six hundreds-twenty-seven urban dwellers were selected as subjects by multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling. Seven physical fitness test items were selected based on the suggestion by Rikli and Jones (2001). 1) Physical fitness levels of the farmers were significantly better than urban dwellers except one leg standing with eye-open for males and back scratch test for females. 2) For males, percent body fat (all age groups), grip strength (65-69 yrs), arm curl (70-74 & 75-79 yrs), chair stand (70-74 yrs, over 80 yrs), back scratch test (75-79 yrs, over 80 yrs), sit-and-reach (65-69 yrs, 70-74 yrs, over 80 yrs), and 2.44m up-and-go (65-69 yrs, 70-74 yrs, 75-79 yrs) of farmers were significantly better than urban dwellers. 3) For females, percent body fat (all age groups), grip strength (65-69 yrs, 70-74 yrs), arm curl (all age groups), chair stand (70-74 yrs), back scratch test (65-69 yrs, 70-74 yrs), sit-and-reach (75-79 yrs, over 80 yrs), one leg standing with eye-open (70-74 yrs), and 2.44m up-and-go (over 80 yrs) of farmers were significantly better than urban dwellers. It was concluded that physical fitness level of the farmers was better than urban dwellers. Research elucidating the reasons for the difference between two districts by investigating the life patterns and environment would be warranted in near future.
Key words: elderly, farmer, urban dweller, physique, physical fitness
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