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Exerc Sci > Volume 24(3); 2015 > Article
Exercise Science 2015;24(3): 305-313. doi: https://doi.org/10.15857/ksep.2015.24.3.305
여자 일반, 국가대표, 프로 골프선수의 체력비교 및 드라이버거리와 평균스코어와의 관련성
김광준1), 박동호2)*
1한국스포츠개발원 스포츠과학실
2인하대학교 예술체육학부 스포츠과학과
Comparative Analysis of Physical Fitness and Relationship of Driver distance and Average score in General, National and Pro female Golf players
Kwang-Jun Kim1), Dong-Ho Park2)*
Correspondence  Dong-Ho Park , Tel: +82-10-4460-4860, Fax: +82-32-860-8188, Email: dparkosu@inha.ac.kr
Received: July 9, 2015;  Accepted: August 25, 2015.  Published online: August 30, 2015.
The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences of physical fitness and examine the relationship with driver distance and average score in elite female golf players
100 female golf players were classified into general golf player (GGP, n=30), national golf player (NGP, n=30) and pro golf player(PGP, n=40). Subjects performed the physical fitness trial: lung function (FEV1, FVC), flexibility (shoulder rotation, trunk forward flexion, trunk backward extension), strength (back strength, hand grip strength, maximal strength), muscle power (peak power, sargent jump), muscle endurance (mean power, sit up, push up) and isokinetic strength (knee and trunk). One-way repeated ANOVA was used to evaluate the differences between three groups and pearson's correlation analysis was applied to examine the relationship between performance factor(driver distance and average score) and physical fitness.
The results of this study indicated that the NGP was significantly higher in trunk backward extension, sargent jump, push up and isokinetic trunk extension compare with the GGP (p<.05). Bench press 1RM and isokinetic trunk flexion were significantly higher in PGP than GGP and NGP (p<.05). There was a significant relationship between driver distance and peak power(r=.254), isokinetic trunk extension(r=.229). Also average score showed a significantly relationship with driver distance (r=-.276), bench press 1RM (r=-.310), push up (r=-.429), isokinetic trunk flexion (r=-.273) and isokinetic trunk extension (r =-.265).
National and pro golf players have higher level of physical fitness than general golf players. And driver distance and average score were strongly related with maximal strength, muscle endurance, isokinetic trunk strength, and peak power. Therefore, efficient and specific training program should be planned for performance improvement in elite female golf players.
Key words: female golf player, physical fitness, average score, driver distance
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