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Exerc Sci > Volume 24(4); 2015 > Article
Exercise Science 2015;24(4): 391-397. doi: https://doi.org/10.15857/ksep.2015.24.4.391
성인여성의 심폐체력 수준과 우울증상(Depressive Symptom)과의 관련성
박세정1, 고병구1, 정진욱1, 권준수2, 김성년2, 허지원3, 신예슬2, 박수현4
1한국스포츠개발원 스포츠과학실
2서울대학교의과대학 인간행동의학연구소
3중앙대학교 심리학과
4전주대학교 운동처방학과
Association between Levels of cardiorespiratory Fitness and Depressive Symptom in Women.
Saejong Park1, Byung-Goo Ko1, Jin-Wook Jung1, Jun-Soo Kwon2, Sung-Nyun Kim2, Ji-Won Hur3, Ye-Seul Shin2, Soo Hyun Park4
Correspondence  Soo Hyun Park , Tel: +82-02-970-9562, Fax: +82-02-970-9502, Email: otajulia@gmail.com
Received: September 14, 2014;  Accepted: November 23, 2015.  Published online: November 30, 2015.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness and depressive symptom in Korean women.
The participants of the study was women aged 20-64 yr (n=639) who participated in the 2014 Korea Institute of Sports Science Fitness (KISS Fit) study. Maximal oxygen uptake was measured using a maximal graded exercise testing. Depressive symptom was assessed using Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). The participants were classified as low, intermediate and high fitness levels. Logistic regression models were used to test the association between fitness and depressive symptom.
The prevalence of the depressive symptom defined by BDI score in this study was 13.4%. Fitness levels were significantly reduced in the participants with the depressive symptom (p=.002) compared to the ones without the depressive symptom. After controlling for age, body mass index, and house income, participants with low fitness level showed higher level of depressive symptom than the ones with medium and high fitness level (p<.001). Women with intermediate and high fitness level had 60% and 62% lower odds for depressive symptom, respectively, than the ones with low fitness level after adjustment for age, hypertension, dyslipidemia, heart disease, alcohol intake, smoking, body mass index, percent body fat, physical activity level and income.
These results demonstrate that fitness is independently associated with the depressive symptom in women. Cardiorespiratory fitness might be utilized as an important component to prevent depressive symptom in women.
Key words: women, cardiorespiratory fitness, depressive symptom, minimum CRF level
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