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Exerc Sci > Volume 19(3); 2010 > Article
Exercise Science 2010;19(3): 247-256. doi: https://doi.org/10.15857/ksep.2010.19.3.247
12주간의 β-alanine 보충과 운동 훈련이 근육 내 Carnosine 농도와 운동수행능력에 미치는 영향
손희정, 하영일, 박노환, 육현철, 김효정, 김창근
Effects of β-alanine supplementation and exercise training on muscle carnosine concentration and exercise performance in elite swimmers
Carnosine(Carn) is a dipeptide of β-alanine and histidine and occurs in high concentrations in skeletal muscle. Carn is highly effective on buffering H+ over the physiological pH range and probably the only such active compound of which concentration can be changed by diet. This study was performed to investigate the effect of 12 wk β-alanine supplementation on muscle carnosine and lactate concentration, heart rate, and speed during the repeated high intensive swimming trials. Ten young elite swimmers(22-25yrs) participated in this study. They were divided into β-alanine group (n=5, 3.2g/d of β-alanine) and placebo group(n=5) and performed combined exercise training for 12 weeks. Subjects performed 7 repetitions of 100m freestyle swimming with blood samplings before, after, and during the recovery. Percutaneous muscle biopsies were obtained before and after the supplementation. Carnosine concentration was determined by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). From the result of this study, we found Carnosine content(11%, p<.05), heart rate(p<.05), and the speed of 7 repetitions 100m freestyle swimming(p<.05) were positively changed with the supplementation. These findings suggest that the increased carnosine concentration with β-alanine supplementation is likely contribute to exercise performance and a possibility that β-alanine may be used as an useful ergogenic aid for athletes.
Key words: β-alanine, carnosine, muscle biopsy, exercise performance
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